Activity 3: Sustainable development
In this activity, you will explore South Korea's move towards sustainable development and write an investigative report.
Key inquiry question: How is South Korea addressing the issue of sustainable development?
- Form groups of three and view the resources on the right, and the text in the box below.
- Read more about how South Korean consumers are improving their national sustainability index by viewing the Greendex Consumer Choice and the Environment Worldwide Tracking Survey.
- Your task is to write and film an investigative report focusing on sustainable development in South Korea. Discuss and write some 'big inquiry questions' that will frame your investigation. These might include:
- What is sustainability?
- Why is it important?
- What are some of the key strategies people/companies/organisations/governments can put into practice?
- What methods lead to maintaining sustainability in the environment?
- How is South Korea promoting sustainability in its own country?
- How effective are these strategies?
- Are there blockers such as cultural issues?
- How does South Korea compare to other countries, especially Australia?
- Once you have determined what you are going to research, view the resources contained in this activity once more and conduct additional internet research to find your answers. Make sure you identify what is opinion and what is factual.
- Use your research notes to write a script for a presentation. Source images to support your script. Decide who is going to read the script, and rehearse.
- Film or record the presentation and then use software such as Windows Movie Maker to create your storyboard.
- Edit your presentation, looking at the visual and aural impact and the flow of the report.
- Present your work to the class. Once everyone has presented, discuss the impact of each media piece and how effective it was.
What is sustainability?
We hear the words 'sustainable' and 'sustainability' almost every day. But what does sustainability mean exactly? Is it about people and culture, our environment, or jobs and money? Is it about cities or the country? Is it about you and me or is it something for other people to worry about?
Sustainability is about all of these things and more. Read the article What is sustainability? on the LandLearn website. For another view, watch the video Sustainability in 2 minutes (on the right).
How is South Korea working towards more sustainable growth?
South Korea has become a leader in technology in recent years and it is pushing to become an environmental leader.
South Korea has rapidly industrialised over the past several decades and, with this growth spurt, has also become a large consumer of coal and oil. Cars account for 60 percent of air pollutants in South Korea, which have caused acid rain to fall in cities. Much of the smog and coal emissions travel from China by air currents over to Korea and Japan, thus decreasing air quality in those countries. South Korean forests are also rapidly diminishing. These forests contain many different varieties of flora and fauna.
Government funding is being invested in renewable energy. In November 2011, Bloomberg reported that, by 2020, the South Korean government was aiming to spend 35.5 trillion won ($31 billion) in order to 'develop technology for renewable and nuclear energy and carbon emissions reduction.'
Green growth is a policy focus for the Asia and Pacific region that emphasises environmentally sustainable economic progress to foster low-carbon, socially inclusive development.
It is hoped that the development of environment-friendly technologies will boost South Korea's economic competitiveness.
To learn more, watch the video clip Green Growth (on the right).
Current sustainability projects in South Korea
- Songdo is a new sustainable city in South Korea. Read more about Songdo by selecting Songdo IBD: A brand new South Korean city and thisbigcity: Two (Very) Different Global Sustainability Projects You Should Know About
- Read about a river restoration project by selecting The Cheonggyecheon River Restoration Project, Seoul, South Korea.
- Learn how South Koreans are becoming sustainable consumers by selecting Greendex Consumer Choice and the Environment Worldwide Tracking Survey.