Activity 2: Stereotyping and attitudes towards Chinese migrants
Now that you have experienced Look to Learn, it's time to investigate further and learn more about Australian attitudes toward Chinese migrants at the end of the 1800s.
Your close study of the other digital images probably gave you some insights and also raised some questions. Fortunately, additional information is available on the images that can lead you in the right direction.
Access to Scootle digital content
Digital content has been incorporated into these learning sequences to support student learning.
A link is provided to open each of these Scootle digital resources
You need to login to Scootle to access the digital content in these learning sequences.
Open each link to see the image.
- Look through the basic and additional information that is provided with any images you may choose to investigate.
- Decide which image will become your study focus.
- TLF ID R9349 - Wake, Australia! Wake, 1888 and the poem
- TLF ID R9357 - Anti-Chinese immigration cartoon, 1888 - item 2
- TLF ID R8175 - Chinese men on the road to the Palmer River gold field, 1875
- TLF ID R9204 - Chinese people on the way to the Ravenswood gold fields, 1870
- TLF ID R9360 - Anti-Chinese Immigration Cartoon, 1888 - ITEM 4
- TLF ID R9365 - Landing Chinese at Cooktown, Queensland, 1875
- TLF ID R9366 - Tween decks in an intercolonial steamer, 1880
- TLF ID R9350 - Her first pipe of opium, 1888
- TLF ID R4214 - Chinese opium smokers, Melbourne, 1868
- TLF ID R2807 - Chinese Carpenters at Work
- TLF ID R9374 Henry Parkes restricting Chinese immigration, 1888
- TLF ID R9354 - 'Out you go John, you and your Small Pox', 1881
Gathering your Information
There are many ways that you can collect the information you find useful to deepening your understanding of the facts and issues involved in a particular image. You can:
- use your notebook
- record in an electronic document
- post what you are learning into an online discussion or comments on a blog.
- if you have a Google / Gmail account, you can join in a shared document
- or you can start an EtherPad / PrimaryPad page where you and a team can build knowledge.)
Either way, make sure you note the Web address (URL) and TLF ID (The Learning Federation Identifier) so you can return to it later.
The information provided by The Learning Federation should give you both some background and some leads you can follow to learn even more. For example, a particular event might have been mentioned (e.g., the arrival of The Afghan carrying Chinese migrants into Sydney Harbour).
- Go ahead and run some initial searches on any leads you uncovered.
- Complete a KWL chart on what you now know and what you still want to know so that you can best understand the image you're studying.
- Write out any specific questions you want to find answers to.
Explore a web exhibit
Now that you have some good background on your image and the events surrounding it, you are ready to learn more and add to your knowledge. This is the exciting time of learning when you know enough to add more knowledge fairly easily. The SBS channel and partners combined their expertise (as you are doing right now!) to present the special Web site Gold!. A section of the site focuses on Stereotyping the Chinese and highlights how "racist stereotypes fuelled the European diggers' sense of superiority." Explore this page and others in the Gold! Web exhibit. Add new information to your growing collection.
As an extension you can choose to also investigate a few more sites that could be helpful by adding to your understanding of how Australians' viewed and represented early Chinese migrants.
Contributing your knowledge
You have already gathered information you found useful. As listed above, you might have collected this in a traditional paper notebook, an electronic document, a blog, shared document or collaborative space. One of the main places in the world where people contribute their knowledge and expertise is Wikipedia. In only about 10 years, Wikipedia has gone from not existing to sharing over 4 million article in English and many more than this in the many other languages of the world. Instead of only using Wikipedia, how about contributing to it?
Most of us would have very little that we could contribute to a page such as the one above. However, another version of Wikipedia might be a different story:
If you think you can add some details or another article to the Simple English Wikipedia project. To quote from the Web site:
Articles in the Simple English Wikipedia use fewer words and easier grammar than the English Wikipedia.
The Simple English Wikipedia is also for people with different needs. Some examples of people who use Simple English Wikipedia:
Other people use the Simple English Wikipedia because the simple language helps them understand difficult ideas or topics they do not know about.
So how about contributing?
If contributing to the Simple English Wikipedia seems like something you want to try, use the links below. Who knows where this could lead you?
If you don't want to write articles for Wikipedia, you can still create your own wiki pages. Set up an account with one of these open wiki sites:
This is the end of Australian Attitudes toward Chinese Migrants in the 19th Century. You may want to continue adding information to the article you've contributed to or create whole new articles on topics such as:
If you are ready to take action, try the Level 3: WebQuest Challenge where you will be guided to create your own contemporary editorial cartoon on an issue related to 21st Century Australian attitudes toward the Chinese.