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Maps, facts and figures

flag of AustraliaPopulation: 23.13 million (2013)

Geography: The population of Australia is concentrated along the eastern and south-eastern coastline. Australia has a very diverse geography, ranging from snow-capped mountains to expansive desserts and tropical rainforests.

Climate: Australia is for the most part an arid and semi-arid country, with 18 percent of the mainland being desert. Rainfall in Australia is highly variable and is not consistent year-to-year.

Capital City: Canberra

Language(s): English

Political system: Constitutional monarchy with a federal division of powers

Value of Australian exports: $313.3 billion as of 2011

Gold Coast, Australia

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Image: Gold Coast skyline, by Petra (CC BY 2.0)

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